Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Paul Oxton (Founder, CEO) Tel: 072 478 1808 email: wildheartwildlife@gmail.com
Carina Crayton aka CJ Carrington (Co-Founder) Tel: 083 588 3550 email wildheartwf.info@gmail.com
Registered Non-Profit Organization 147-339 NPO.
PBO Number 930051372.
Promoting Ethical Wildlife Conservation.
Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation8 hours ago

Conservation Conflict:

Most people who love African Wildlife dream of living alongside the iconic species – Lions, Elephants, Leopards and all the other species that make Africa such a special place.

Although tourists are often enthralled by the thrill of the hunt at a lion kill or similar, the reality of living with wildlife in Africa is very different to the locals. Human/Wildlife conflict is real, and affects the livelihood of thousands of people in a negative manner.

In Kenya, where the Maasai people live, Elephants raid their crops, and Lions prey on their livestock. That is the reality, a daily struggle for people living adjacent to wild areas. Like so many others, they are at great risk of injury or even death as a result of this HWC (Human Wildlife Conflict).

There are a number of Wildlife Organizations that actively work on reducing HWC. This is done through education, mitigating measures, and compensation.

* Ongoing education is needed to provide information so that people living with wildlife can make informed decisions, thus keeping them safer than they would have been without knowledge.

* Assistance with mitigating measures include the installation of predator deterrent light – motion activated, establishing secure enclosures (kraals) for livestock at night, chili-bombs and bees to deter Elephants, and many other measures actively implemented to assist in protecting both people and wildlife.

* Compensation for crop or livestock losses through wildlife, is a last resort, to assist subsistence farmers, and prevent retaliation against wildlife.

Conservation of Wildlife must be done hand-in-hand with local communities, otherwise the model will fail. Communities surrounding Wild areas should be actively encouraged to protect wildlife, and this can only be achieved when they truly feel like they benefit from having the Wildlife around.

The drilling of boreholes and erection of Elephant-proof Watering Holes is an excellent way to prevent damage to farm infrastructure by Elephants looking for water.

Another very effective mitigation measure is the deployment of rapid response ranger teams to move elephants away from farms. Coupled with the erection of crop-protection fencing to keep both elephants and farmers safe, in specific areas this resulted in communities’ attitudes towards wildlife improving, which in turn resulted in a better cooperation between farmers and conservationists.

As an example, in Kenya, in 2021, there were:
218 Crop Raids by Elephants (which damaged 196 acres)
200 Crop Raids Prevented by 24 Crop-Protection Rangers
100 Km of Fencing Maintained by 31 Fence Attendants
$101,413 Compensation Paid for 2,189 Livestock Losses
10 Retaliatory Lion Hunts Prevented

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation has, over the years, done our fair share of HWC Education & Mitigation, Anti-poaching measures and Emergency Rescues. Hundreds of animals have been protected through education or relocation to safe Reserves, depending on the measures we take. If it is in our power to assist, we will.

Urban Wildlife conflict: As human beings, we always need to remember that the Animals had been here first, and the slight inconvenience of having a few plants destroyed by the local Porcupine couple, is offset greatly by the wonder of living in an area where wildlife still frequents your garden.

Please get actively involved in ensuring a future for Wildlife, and mitigating Human Wildlife Conflict, by donating regularly to a trusted, transparent organization, such as Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation.

“The Future of Wildlife is in Our Hands.” ~ #WHWF
#WHWF #EthicalConservation #RescueRelocateRelease #RescueRehabRelease #NoWildBabyLeftBehind

Written by Carina Crayton (Co-Founder Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation)

Data Source: Big Life Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation1 day ago

Chimpanzee Language:

Few animals appear to be able to communicate with a range as complex and intricate as humans. Those language skills may exist in a limited capacity in our nearest evolutionary neighbors, the great apes, many of whom have been trained to communicate via sign language by human researchers. Yet while sign language is communicated physically, researchers did not believe that great apes possessed their own comparable, complex spoken language.

Until now, that is. A new study reveals that chimpanzees — or at least, a group of 46 chimpanzees at Taï National Park in the African country of Côte d’Ivoire — are capable of complex vocalizations far beyond what more pessimistic scientists thought was possible.

Their “words” were not like human phonetic words, but a combination of chimpanzee sounds, which generally sound a bit like grunts and chirps to human ears. And the size of the chimp dictionary? Almost 400 words.

“Chimpanzees produced 390 unique vocal sequences,” explained the scientists, who published their research in the journal Communications Biology. “Most vocal units emitted singly were also emitted in two-unit sequences (bigrams), which in turn were embedded into three-unit sequences (trigrams).”
“What is astonishing in the chimpanzee vocal repertoire… is the extreme flexibility in which they can combine their limited number of signals.”

For context, the average human 20-year-old English speaker knows an estimated 42,000 words, according to Science magazine.

The scientists suggest that the way the vocal sequences were arranged suggests they could come up with new words, too. “From a purely structural perspective, the capacity to organize single units into structured sequences offers a versatile system potentially suitable for expansive meaning generation,” they write. “Further research must show to what extent these structural sequences signal predictable meanings.”

Chimpanzees evidently have very malleable vocal cords, researchers say.

“What is astonishing in the chimpanzee vocal repertoire, compared to other non-human animals, is the extreme flexibility in which they can combine their limited number of signals,” Catherine Crockford of Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, who co-authored the paper, told Salon by email.

While the researchers cannot say how this vocal complexity compared with human language, “the flexibility we show in this paper occurs across their whole vocal repertoire. In other animals vocal sequence flexibility seems mainly limited to either alarm or mate attraction contexts. So in chimpanzees, we expect to find some interesting expansions of meaning.”

“This line of research will help us understand how human language may have evolved.”

This research has implications which go far beyond simply understanding how chimpanzees communicate. Although humans have developed thousands of languages through millennia of recorded history, they have not done so by producing thousands of different types of sounds. Like chimpanzees, humans have had to utilize a limited range of sounds to convey a limitless expanse of meanings. As such, the new research has potentially profound implications for evolutionary biologists.

“This line of research will help us understand how human language may have evolved,” Crockford explained before elaborating on how humans are “very limited in the sounds we actually use in speech.” The scientist added that “here we demonstrate the first part in chimpanzees — a hurdle towards language — having flexible enough vocal production to be able to mix existing sounds together,” and that this in turn could shed light on how speech evolved in humans.

That said, Crockford added that scientists still have a long way to go before they can truly tap into the potential of what they now know about chimpanzee vocalizations.

“The next step is to determine if these sequences allow chimpanzees to convey substantially more messages to their group mates than single calls allow… [For instance,] if an animal has 10 call types and cannot combine them, they can send a maximum of 10 messages,” Crockford told Salon. “If they can flexibly combine them, as we demonstrate the chimpanzees do, they have the potential to convey many more messages. Now we need to assess whether they really use that potential to convey many messages.”

If you are hoping that this means you may someday get to talk to chimpanzees, though, you should know that while that could happen, Crockford suspects “the conversation might still be very limited.”

“Other studies suggest that chimpanzee mainly vocalize about what they are currently doing (eating, resting, traveling, greeting, playing, grooming),” Crockford added. “I have only a few observations to suggest that they vocalize about things that have happened in the immediate past or what they want/will do in the immediate future.”

While this is true, it also helps to use the study as a reminder that chimpanzees are far more like humans than we may want to admit.
“Chimpanzees give every indication of empathy in some of their dealings with members of their communities, such as when they console one another following some trauma,” biologist Ashley Ward told Salon last month. “Regardless of the challenges of determining any animal’s emotional state scientifically, it does seem unlikely that humans are the only animals capable of expressing empathy.”

By Matthew Roszsa
May 22, 2022
Link to Original Article in comments.
#WHWF #EthicalConservation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation2 days ago

Beautiful Cheetah.. Fastest land animal on earth 🐾🧡🐾

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation2 days ago

Unacceptable behaviour from SANParks Employee who should know better! This driver should lose his job immediately.

Apologies for the poor quality of the photo. Video in comments.

SANParks have condemned the behaviour of one of their employees driving recklessly at a lion sighting in Kruger National Park.

A video circulating on social media shows a pride of lions and their cubs near Satara Rest Camp on the H1-3.

The pride was being followed by tourists when a Kruger National Parks Official sped past and nearly ran over the cubs. In the video you can clearly see the alarm of a lion to the right of the speeding vehicle, as well as the lions on the left.

This kind of behaviour is totally unacceptable!

SANParks commented that disciplinary action will be taken against the employee.

I cannot express the anger I feel at this. Truly.

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation4 days ago

50 #FunFacts about #AfricanWildlife:
1. Elephants have a specific alarm call that means ‘humans’.
2. Rhinoceros horns consist of keratin – just like your fingernails and hair.
3. Giraffes make almost no sounds. Scientists believe that their necks are too long for the airflow across their vocal cords to result in any sound being made.
4. Many herbivore animals chew on bones, including Giraffes, Zebras, Tortoises, and Buffalo. This is to obtain certain essential minerals lacking in their diets.
5. Zebra stripes act as a natural bug deterrent. Apparently the contrasts confuse/dazzle blood-sucking insects to the point where they cannot land on the zebra. Incidentally, a group of Zebras is called a ‘Dazzle’
6. Elephants can’t jump, probably because they don’t need to! They evade predators in other ways.
7. Porcupines stomp their feet and growl as a warning to stay away. They also rattle their quills, although they cannot ‘shoot’ them at a predator.
8. The eye of an ostrich is bigger than its brain. It’s not a case of an under-sized brain, but rather of over-sized eyes, allowing ostriches to see threats and food from a great distance.
9. Sea otters use tools like rocks, to smash open snails to eat.
10. Hartebeest run in zig-zag patterns to evade predators.
11. The adult flamingo can only eat when its head is upside down. They filter the water through their bent beaks used upside down to filter feed on tiny plants and organisms in the water.
12. For every human in the world there are one million ants. I think all of mine live at my house.
13. Octopuses can taste with their arms. The arms of an octopus are lined with hundreds of suckers, each of which can act as a taste bud.
14. Sunbirds are the African equivalent of hummingbirds, and they are monogamous – mating for life.
15. Giraffes have black tongues in front, but the back and base of it is pink. Many experts believe that this darker pigment is nature’s way of protecting giraffe tongues against ultraviolet rays.
16. The only mammal capable of flight is the bat. Other mammals like the flying squirrel glide, they do not fly.
17. Lionesses do most of the hunting in a pride. Even though females are the primary hunters, male lions can hunt, too. Female lions famously hunt their prey in packs, while male lions have typically been viewed as the lazy recipients of the spoils.
18. Bottle-nosed dolphins are mostly right-handed (right-finned?). Researchers found they favored their right side. It’s not just humans that are left or right-handed. Animals also show a clear preference for what scientists call “lateralized behavior.”
19. A group of Rhinos is called a Crash.
20. Elephant Calves such their trunks to comfort themselves, like human babies would suck their thumbs.
21. The collective noun for Owls is a ‘Parliament’.
22. Nile Crocodiles can live up to 100 years, but mostly survives up to 80 years maximum.
23. Butterflies taste with their feet. Butterflies don’t have tongues, they have a proboscis which many people think of as a tongue but it’s more like having your mouth extended into a long tube. They do have some taste buds on their proboscis and some on their antennae as well, but most of the taste buds are focused on their feet.
24. Jonathan (hatched c. 1832), a Seychelles Giant Tortoise (is the oldest known living land animal.
25. Gorillas can catch human colds and other illnesses. Humans and gorillas are about 98 percent identical on a genetic level.
26. Ostriches can run faster than horses, and the male ostrich is capable of making a “roaring” noise similar to a lion’s roar, adding a hiss with it.
27. A group of Buffalo is called an ‘Obstinacy’.
28. Killer Whales experience menopause, like Human Females.
29. A grasshopper can leap 20 times the length of its own body.
30. Owls don’t have eyeballs. They have eye tubes or cylinders, rod-shaped eyes that do not move in their sockets as eyeballs do. Instead, owls have to move their bodies or heads in order to look around.
31. There are an estimated 8.7 million species on earth and more than 80% of them are undiscovered. Africa is immensely rich in biodiversity. Its living organisms comprise around a quarter of global biodiversity and it supports the earth’s largest intact groups of large mammals, which roam freely in many countries.
32. Wild Dolphins call each other by name. Each dolphin has a ‘signature whistle’ which is copied by another dolphin during communication, just like you would call someone by their name.
33. Gorillas have been seen dismantling traps set by poachers. Staff at the Dian Fossey Research Center in Rwanda witnessed two 4-year-olds and a teenage mountain gorilla work together to destroy snares.
34. African Buffalo herds display voting behavior, in which individuals register their travel preference by standing up, looking in one direction and then lying back down. Only adult females can vote. Herd movements are guided by majority vote. If the votes were evenly divided between two directions, then the herd separates for the night, grazing at different locations, and reconvenes in the morning.
35. Rhino Calves eat their mothers’ dung for digestion development. It helps mature their digestive systems, which at birth do not have the bacteria needed to help digest the grass material that they will feed on for the rest of their lives.
36. Chimpanzees are very intelligent and make all kinds of tools. Like spears to hunt with, and sticks to scratch open a den. They are sophisticated tool users with behaviors including cracking nuts with stone tools and fishing for ants or termites with sticks. These chimpanzees not only use these sticks to fish out their meal, but they in fact build their own ‘tool kits’ to do so, as observed in the Republic of Congo.
37. Pangolins’ only protection mechanism is curling into a ball, but their scales provide good defense against predators. When threatened, pangolins can quickly roll into a ball, protecting their vulnerable undersides. They also deter predators by hissing and puffing, and lashing their sharp edged tails.
38. A Duiker (tiny African antelope) is classified as one of the ten most dangerous antelope to handle, in Africa, due to its razor-sharp horns that can cut through a human’s femoral artery in the groin.
39. Porcupines mate for life.
40. Baby porcupines are called porcupettes.
41. A Woodpecker has a long tongue that folds into its skull, and protects its brain from vibration damage as a result of pecking out a nest in a tree. Having its tongue wrapped around the back of its brain doesn’t just give a woodpecker somewhere to store a long appendage; it also helps protect the bird’s brain from injury during high-speed pecking.
42. Both Black and White Rhino are Grey in colour. Black Rhinos are mostly browsers, while White Rhinos mainly feed on short grass on the ground using their square upper lip. Black Rhinos have a unique looking, pointy upper lip, which they use to grasp and pluck food from trees, bushes and shrubs.
43. Hyenas mark their territory or advertise for a mate by fixing a substance from their anal glands onto grass stalks. This is called ‘pasting’.
44. Flamingos are not pink. They are born grey, their diet of brine shrimp and blue green algae contains a natural pink dye called canthaxanthin that makes their feathers pink.
45. A group of Parrots is called a ‘Pandemonium’. African Grey Parrots voluntarily help each other to obtain food and perform selfless acts, even with individuals they’re not ‘friendly’ with.
46. A cheetah is the fastest land animal – capable of reaching speeds up to 125km/h (75mph).
47. Meerkat parents train their offspring to hunt scorpions. The parents bring the babies half-dead prey or scorpions with the stinger removed, to teach them how to kill scorpions without getting stung.
48. Nile Crocodiles have the strongest bite of any animal. At 5000 pounds per square inch (psi), that’s approximately five times the bite force of a lion and about 30 times that of an average human being.
49. The Shoebill Stork can swallow baby crocodiles whole. Shoebill Storks are masters of patience. They will stand in water, on large patches of grass, and other hiding places for hours on end, just to suddenly lunge at an unsuspecting prey. Their stomachs can digest almost any kind of prey.
50. The Black Mamba is not black in colour; the name derives from its mouth, black inside, and displayed when it feels threatened. Its venom is an extremely potent neuro and cardio-toxic mix, capable of killing a dozen men within an hour. Without proper treatment and anti-venom, the mortality rate is almost 100%.

Written by Carina Crayton
Copyright © Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation

Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation5 days ago

Dedicated to all the Scatterlings:

The cry of a Fish Eagle
echoing across the river
I am Africa
and I deliver

Lions stalking the wide open plains,
Elephants in great herds
trumpeting their fame
Shy gorillas hiding deep in the forest
work for it, human
show me your grit

Coming on safari njema
considering yourself so brave
little do you realize
you are now my slave

You can leave me
but I’ll never be gone
you’ll never really get away
because in your heart I will always stay

I will entice you while I lighten your hair and darken your skin
my dust will choke you while I quench the deep
thirst within
for fields of freedom and agonizing adventure
my deserts will delight you
my wildlife will excite you
my storms will smite you
my beaches will taste the salt on your skin
my valleys will nurture their secrets within

I now own you

Here your dreams will blossom
or they will die
I will nurture them or kill them
without requiring a why

If you let them,
My oceans can heal you or steal your life
My whales and my dolphins can erase all lingering strife
My turtles can breed in peace on my sands
My sea stars can shine brightly in liquid turquoise lands

Pointed pyramids to stormy Cape
staring in wonder, with hearts agape
From Cape Verde to Kilimanjaro
with her occasional snowy halo
you really should know
I’ll have you returning time and time again
all the while
begging for more
More of my raw beauty,
more of my clear bluest of skies
more of the glorious golden sunsets
with less of the soggy wet miserable lies

Whether I have blessed you as a much-loved child
chastised you like a youth run wild
hurt you or maimed you
broke you or shamed you
whether I lifted you up
made you a hero
gave you a cape
or reduced you to zero

You will know for sure as I do
where the first flat-handed pats get tapped
At the fire when those first chords are strum
from now on until
forever is done

Your heart will always beat
to the rhythm of an African drum

Copyright © Carina Crayton (Co-Founder Wild Heart Wildlife Foundation)

“The Future of Wildlife is in our Hands”

We rely completely on the kind support from the public

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